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pk10助赢免费软件 www.yilicare.com,“总书记在重要讲话中指出,十八大以来,我们严明党的政治纪律和政治规矩,着力真管真严、敢管敢严、长管长严。[Photo/IC]Anoldfriend,aretiree,issoconcernedaboutAnoldfriend,aretiree,issoconcernedaboutpublicaffairsthathekeepsre-transmittingstories,essays,evenhearsays,onalotofthingstohisWeChatcontacts.Whatissurprisingisthathehadneverseemedinterestedinmanyofthethingsinthepast.thathekeepsre-transmittingstories,essays,evenhearsays,onalotofthingstohisWeChatcontacts.ItisthesmartphoneandsocialmediatoolsuchasWeChatthatseemtohaveaddedalottothemeaningtohisotherwisesimpleandmonotonoushome-centeredlife.Ihavenoideawherehegetshisstoriesfrom,perhapsfromsomeappswhichIdon'tknowaboutorfromsomelike-mindedWeChatusers.OneofthestorieshesenttohisWeChatgroupacoupleofdaysagowasabouttheatrocitiescommittedbyeight"allied"powersinNortheastChina'sLiaoningprovince"onChristmasEvein1898".Hehadgothisfactswrong.ItwasczaristRussiaalonethatinvadedNortheastChinain1900.Forpeoplewhowouldhaveotherwisefocusedonfamilymattersandignoredmostofthethingshappeningbeyondtheirowncommunities,socialmediaisachanneltolookbeyondtheirimmediatecircleandtogettheirvoiceheardinamuchwidercircle.Givenmyexperience-thankstotheWeChatgroupsIsharewithmycolleaguesoroldfriends-thosewhousedtobethemostsilenttendtobemostactiveindisseminatinghearsays.Theyalsotendtosupportpeoplewithextremeviewsonmanyissues.Incontrast,thosewhoarewelleducatedandwellreadandthusshouldbethemostvocalareusuallythesilentones.That'snotbecausetheyareweakbutbecausetheyhavechosentobethesilentminorityinsocialmedia.Theyprefertoremainsilentinthefaceofmeaninglessquarrels,whichamajorityofonlinediscussionsare.Themoreinformationonereceives,themoreinformedheorsheshouldbe.Thisistherevolutionarychangetheinformationageshouldhavebroughtabout.Yetthisrationaledoesnotnecessarilyapplytosocialmedia.WhatifapersonactiveonsocialmediaplatformsgetsbiasedorwronginformationorpreferstobelieveinthewronginformationOneoftheprominentfeaturesofWeChatisthatchatgroupstendtoattractlike-mindedpeople,whoshareinformationthatcatertotheirliking.Usually,WeChatusersareselectiveindecidingwhattheyreadandshare;theydonotcareabouttheauthenticityoftheinformationaslongasitistotheircommonlikingandhelpsreinforcetheirbiasedbeliefs.Thisisexactlythewayuneducatedorsemi-educatedpeopleusedtogossipaboutthehappeningsintheirneighborhood.Today,theygossipaboutamuchwiderarrayofthingswithmuchmoreparticipantsonamuchwiderplatformandhaveamuchbiggeraudience.Themoreinformationsuchpeoplereceivefromsocialmedia,themorebiasedandmoremisinformedtheytendtobecome.Insteadofsheddingtheirbiases,manyofthemturnintobiggerbigotsbecauseofthefragmented,prejudicedandsometimestotallywronginformationtheyget,orfishfor,onsocialmediaplatforms.Itseemsmobilizingasmanypeopleaspossibletoparticipateinthepoliticalprocessofacountryhasbecomeanewnorm.Butsincebiasedandill-informedpeopletendtobehavelikeknow-alls,publicopinionsevenonsuchimportantissuesasreformandsocialwelfarekeepwidening.ItisimpossibleforaDonaldTrumptobeelectedleaderinChina,orfortheChinesepeopletovoteinaBrexit-likereferendum.Butthatdoesn'tmeanweshouldignoretheever-wideningdivideinpublicopinionsonmanyissues.TheauthorisaseniorwriterwithChinaDaily.zhuyuan@chinadaily.com.cn